1918⁠–⁠1938: First Czechoslovak Republic

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The permanent exhibition on the third floor of the Trade Fair Palace was created on the occasion of the hundredth anniversary of the founding of Czechoslovakia. Based on the collections of the National Gallery Prague, complemented with loans from institutions and private collections, the exhibition introduces the rich and cosmopolitan art scene in the young independent Czechoslovakia between 1918 and 1938. The new exhibition of the National Gallery’s collections presents rich artistic activities of the young state in 1918⁠–⁠1938. Besides the paintings by prominent Czech, Slovak, Czech-German and Carpathian-Russian artists (Václav Špála, Josef Čapek, Jindřich Štyrský, Toyen etc.), are also shown the artworks from the National Gallery’s French collection (by Claude Monet, Paul Gauguin, Henri Rousseau, Pablo Picasso, Vincent van Gogh and others).

The exhibition is interdisciplinary, presenting not only visual artworks but also other cultural forms that flourished during the first republic, such as book illustrations, design, graphic design, etc. Using art topography, it shows the diversity of the art production and the lively cultural scene of the period.

The exhibition presents the art of the first republic through the eyes of a 1920s and 1930s art goer and introduces prominent galleries, art clubs and institutions, as well as the important cultural centres of the young state. It primarily concentrates on Prague as an art centre with lively exhibition activity that focused not only on local artists but also on the most progressive names from all around Europe. However, the exhibition also addresses other centres such as Brno, Zlín, Bratislava, Košice and Uzhgorod. The curators partly reconstruct important exhibitions that were held in these centres during the first republic period (the exhibition of the Tvrdošíjní group, the Exhibition of Contemporary Culture in Brno, Poesie 32, the First Exhibition of Surrealists in Czechoslovakia).

The exhibition introduces important cultural events of the period and emphasizes the first republic's cosmopolitan and multinational character. This approach aims not only to show with historical accuracy how wealthy and diverse the culture of the young state was but also offer inspiration for the present where the lack of historical knowledge often results in xenophobic attitudes. The permanent exhibition is accompanied by an extensive educational program.

Curators: Anna Pravdová in cooperation with Lada Hubatová-Vacková

Trade Fair Palace ⁠–⁠ 3rd floor

The permanent exhibition is held with the support of the Ministry of Culture of the CR. It opened on the occasion of celebrations commemorating important events in Czech history marked by the year 2018.

Special thanks to all lenders:
Czech Post, Postal Museum
Kunsthalle Praha
Moravian Gallery in Brno
Brno City Museum
National Film Archive
National Museum ⁠–⁠ Náprstek Museum of Asian, African and American Cultures
National Museum ⁠–⁠ Historical Building
Oblastní galerie Liberec
Museum of Czech Literature
Slovak National Gallery
Tate, London
Technical Museum in Brno
Museum of Decorative Arts in Prague
Východoslovenská galerie, Košice
Východoslovenské muzeum v Košicích
Private Collections


PhDr. Anna Pravdová, Ph.D
Curator of the Collection of 19th Century Art and Classical Modernism