The Collection of Old Masters currently forms the historical core of the NGP, housing, among others, works from Emperor Rudolf II’s legendary Kunstkammer, which include the famous Feast of the Rosary by Albrecht Dürer. Thus, it is unique in representing over 400 years of collecting in Bohemia, which made an important contribution to European culture and museum history.
The Collection of 19th Century Art and Classical Modernism currently manages over 9,000 paintings and 5,000 sculptures. The foundations of the collection fund were laid via acquisitions made by the Picture Gallery of the Society of Patriotic Friends of the Arts and the Modern Gallery; the collection saw a dramatic increase with the legendary French art collection purchase by the Czechoslovak state in 1923.
The Collection of Modern and Contemporary Art comprises over 10,000 artworks and includes artists from the local art scene as well as from abroad, dating from the Second World War to today. In 2002, the Collection was enlarged by a valuable gift of around 2,500 works, donated by the theorist, curator and artist, Jiří Valoch. The Collection of Modern and Contemporary Art is joined with the Collection of Architecture, which has been taking care of more than 20,000 items since its founding in 1986.
The National Gallery of Prague’s Collection of Prints and Drawings ranks among the biggest and most distinguished graphic collections in Europe. With over 400,000 prints, drawings and illuminated manuscript fragments from the Middle Ages to today, it is the largest collection the National Gallery has to offer.
In November 1951, a ministerial decree established the Department of Oriental Art for the National Gallery’s Asian collections. Currently, the Collection of Asian Art manages over 13,000 art items from Japan, China, Korea, Tibet, Middle, South and Southeast Asia, as well as the Near East.