CLOSED International Art of the 19th and 20th centuries
Czech Modern Art 1930–now
CLOSED French collection and Czech Modern Art 1900—1930
Czech Modern Art 1850–1930
part of the floor is closed – works of František Kupka are not exhibited at the moment
Formerly intended for trade fairs, this gem of Czech Functionalist architecture has been the seat of the National Gallery in Prague from 1976. Built in 1925–1928 after the plans of architects Josef Fuchs and Oldřich Tyl, the imposing building was the largest edifice of its kind in the world. First it served the Prague Sample Trade Fairs company and, after the war, it housed various foreign trade companies. The history of the building was dramatically affected on August 14, 1974, when it was nearly destroyed by a huge fire that took six days (until August 20) before being quenched. In 1976, a decision was made to renovate the building; the reconstruction progressed slowly and was finally completed in the 1990s.
Czech art from Modernism to the present
The story of Czech modern art begins in the mid-19th century. The art collection traces its development through the strongly represented artistic generations and individual artists, among them the chief exponents of Realism Viktor Barvitius and Karel Purkyně, the National Theatre Generation – Alphonse Mucha, Josef Václav Myslbek and Vojtěch Hynais, and artists espousing the Art Nouveau and Symbolism – Alphonse Mucha and Max Pirner. The founding generation of modern artists is represented by Antonín Slavíček, Jan Preisler and Max Švabinský. The National Gallery also houses the world’s most comprehensive collection of works by František Kupka that documents the painter’s advance from Symbolism to abstract art.
Czech art produced after 1930 includes works by Jindřich Štyrský, Toyen, František Janoušek, Josef Šíma, Zdeněk Pešánek, Skupina 42 (Group 42), Zdenek Rykr, Alén Diviš, Mikuláš Medek and Zbyněk Sekal. Furthermore, the permanent collection also explores artistic movements from the 1960s up to the present: Art Informel, Action Art, New Sensitivity and postmodern art.
Contemporary art projects
The ground floor of the Trade Fair Palace, open to visitors all year round and free of charge, houses three periodical projects of contemporary art. These are:
The Moving Image Department: A space devoted to the moving image, presenting works of art via new media technology
Introducing: The small Presidential Salon as a place for the youngest generation of artists
Poetry Passage: the Functionalist staircase as a three-dimensional poem
|free admission for children, young people aged under 18 and students under 26 free.|
Dukelských hrdinů 47
Tram 6, 17 – Veletržní palác
Tram 1, 2, 6, 8, 12, 17, 25, 26 – Strossmayerovo náměstí