Wenceslaus Hollar: The Drawing Oeuvre
Project GAČR – GAP409/12/1625
Investigator: PhDr. Alena Volrábová, Ph.D.
The project is aimed at monographic elaboration of the complete drawing oeuvre of Wenceslaus Hollar from world collections. During the project, drawings previously attributed to Wenceslaus Hollar by Franz Sprinzels will be gradually verified and compared with newly discovered sheets. At the same time, new possible attributions will be explored. All these activities will occur in direct contact with authentic works and later on the basis of photographs. The output – the monograph – will contain the biography of the artist, based on new research and findings, new evaluation of Hollar’s oeuvre in the context of the period and in comparison with art theories. The third part of the publication will present complete catalogue of Hollar’s drawings, all accompanied by relevant photographic reproductions. The inventory will be arranged in chronological order and will include all basic information.
The central European sculpture workshop in the Baroque period
Project GAČR – GA13-11456S
Investigator: PhDr. Tomáš Hladík
This paper explores the phenomenon of Baroque sculpture workshops in central Europe – in Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, Germany and Austria. Sculpture work was based not only on the inventiveness of its master sculptor and his skilled assistants, but also on the workshop collection of models. The most highly valued of these were always the first sculptured sketches (bozzetti) capturing the sculptor’s search for the best compositional design. The key creative differences between sketches and more elaborate models cannot always be systematically
traced due to individual artist work practices and regional customs. Nevertheless, as they represent a sizeable number and are closely linked with the surviving drawn designs of a large spectrum of church amenities, they can provide a relatively precise picture of commonly used work processes in the everyday practice of the sculpture studio in the Baroque period. A more detailed explanation of how this working community functioned, however, would require a more in-depth study of relevant materials in Czech and European state collections.
Renaissance Portrait Painting in Bohemia and Moravia – its Iconography and Role in Aristocratic Representation
Project GAČR – GP13-08755P
Investigator: PhDr. Blanka Kubíková, Ph.D.
Portrait painting, which experienced massive development and transformation of forms during the 16th century, ranks to the best expressions of Renaissance art on the territory of Czech lands. This discipline, however, still provides numerous unsolved questions, ambiguities and hitherto omitted fields of research. One of them is also the aspect of iconography and the related study of representative strategies which the early modern aristocracy employed, besides other means, via its portraits. This is also the issue on which the submitted project aims to focus. It will be followed on the example of several significant family portrait galleries – the Rosenberg, Hradec, Pernstein and Zástřizel ones. Part of the project will be researching the role of noble portrait painting and its evaluation by the contemporaries, carried out on the basis of early modern written sources. The results of the research will be summed up in the ensuing publication.
František Tkadlík (1786-1840)
Project GAČR – GA13-17156S
Investigator: PhDr. Šárka Leubnerová
The project aims at publishing an expert monograph of painter František Tkadlík (1786–1840) whose oeuvre – due to its links to the contemporary philosophy, aesthetics and historically-nationalist reflections on art – makes him a significant artist in the context of late European Neoclassicism and Nazarenism. Tkadlík?s work represents a crucial moment in early 19th-century academic painting and a point of departure for the development of art during the National Revival. Studying wider local and European context and links from which Tkadlík?s work stemmed and to which recent research provides many stimuli seems essential. Leading experts in the subject will collaborate to newly explore Tkadlík?s oeuvre and the relevant materials (archive sources and texts, recently discovered paintings and drawings, restoration researches), to compile a summary catalogue of his works and to present the artist in the context of the current research of 19th-century painting and its ideological background.
Norbert Grund (1717-1767)
Project GAČR – GA13-07247S
Investigator: PhDr. Marcela Vondráčková, Ph.D.
The monographic study should evaluate the relationship of Norbert Grund to the local tradition of Baroque painting and to place him within a larger (central) European context emphasising contemporary Austrian (Viennese) and Italian (Venetian) painting. It will attempt to establish a chronology of his artistic development, a complicated task as the artist repeatedly returned to older motifs. The study will also focus on Grund’s exceptionally large repertoire of themes and styles reflecting a variety of sources of inspiration (such as the French gallant genre, the Dutch rural genre etc.) and these Grund directly quoted or used as variants and paraphrases in his paintings. The study will be also concerned with the popularity of Grund’s paintings, which were frequently reproduced by Johann Georg Balzer. Entries in collection inventories and many artworks by imitators, copyists and followers that have not yet been researched are evidence of Grund’s enormous popularity. The monograph will also evaluate Grund’s influence on 19th-century Czech landscape painting.
Painter Petr Brandl (1668-1735) – His Art and Life
Project GAČR – GA14-10349S
Investigator: PhDr. Andrea Rousová Ph.D.
The project aims to undertake comprehensive research into the work and life of Petr Brandl (1668-1735) the most important Czech baroque artist. In addition to the art-historical evaluation of artworks and extensive archival research, we will examine Brandl’s painting technique. We will explore the circumstances around his commissions, the provenance of the artworks and the personalities of his patrons. We will also carry out iconographical analysis and place Brandl’s work into the larger European context. We will focus on lesser-known aspects of his artistic career: apprenticeship, artistic beginnings and the work of his pupils. The outcomes of the project will be the following: a scholarly publication, an edition of archival sources, a digital archive of Brandl’s works and a conference accompanying the planned exhibition in the National Gallery in Prague.
Jiří Valoch - Curator, Theoretician, Collector. 1972-2001. The Jiří Valoch Collection in the National Gallery in Prague
Project GAČR – GA14-32510S
Investigator: Mgr. Helena Musilová
The project aims at evaluating the role played by the theoretician, curator, collector and artist, Jiří Valoch(1946),on the Central-European artistic scene.It mainly focuses on the period between 1972 and 2011 when he curated exhibitions in the Brno House of Arts.Another aim is to prepare and publish an summary catalogue of Valoch Collection whose substantial part he donated to the NG in Prague in 2002.This collection (both Czech and foreign works) covers all artistic media and totals more than 3000 items by 230 artists.Its main focus is conceptual, minimalist and geometric expressions with, however, an array of overlaps to other subject circles.The wide public has hitherto been introduced to merely a minor part of this collection,which moreover has not yet been professionally explored even though it represents a rather unique source of knowledge of Central-European art.With regard to the extent and exactingness as well as the necessity to carry out field research in the framework of wider CE,the project can only be made possible via a grant.The works have been scheduled for 3 years.
Johann Adalbert Angermeyer (1674–1740)
Project GAČR – GA14-20303S
Investigator: PhDr. Hana Seifertová
The project’s objective is a scholarly monograph on Johann Adalbert Angermeyer (1674-1740), who is known as the first still-life specialist in Bohemia. His work stimulated decisively the interest in cabinet-sized still-life painting in the Czech lands. In the context of Middle European baroque painting Angermeyer’s production is unique and gained a specific position in local collectorship. It established and disseminated stilllife painting in the younger generation and still resonates in the works of painters at the turn of the 18th and 19th century. Based on archival research the study also aims to clarify unclear biographical circumstances. The uniqueness of his oeuvre in the context of contemporary German and Austrian painting is still uninvestigated. Recent discoveries of unknown works shed new light on his response to Dutch and Flemish still-life painting of the 17th and 18th centuries as an inspirational source. An enclosed catalogue raisonné will document these connections in depth.
"French Model" and The Collection of French Art of the 19th and 20th Century
Project GAČR – GA15-07425S
Investigator: doc. PhDr. Markéta Theinhardt
The main subject of the project is acribic processing of works of art held within the French Collection of Art of the 19th and 20th centuries of the National Gallery in Prague, including detailed research of the history of this unique convolute. The focus of our interest will be following the development of the „French model“ and its modifications in the Czech environment. The attention will be paid to the exhibition traffic of the given type of works of art and to the strategies of gallery owners, equally as to developing comparable, both private and public, collections. The central part of the project will be set into the hitherto little researched context of migration of aesthetic models and exhibition, collection and market mechanisms during the period from the latter half of the 19th century to the 1930s. Via these efforts, we will participate in an internationally significant subject which has not had exactly identified methodological instruments and modes of interpretation yet even despite many promising beginnings.
Collectors of Japanese woodcut prints in the Czech lands
Project GAČR – GA15-16130S
Investigator: Mgr. Markéta Hánová Ph.D.
Besides the artistically crafted articles of Japanese ceramics and lacquerware, Japanese paintings and woodcut prints are the most common item of Japanese art in domestic collections. The existence of these items of art raises the question of the history of collecting Japanese prints/images (especially the less expensive ukiyo-e prints) in the Czech lands from the second half of the 19th century to the middle of the 20th century. A great many collectors came from aristocratic families and artistic and literary circles, however, there were also collectors from non-artistic professions who were attracted by the irresistible charm of Japanese images. Their collections are today are in the possession of state institutions and provide evidence of the fade of Japanese art collecting at that time. The phenomenon of ukiyo-e collecting grew together with the popular perception of the exotic aura of Japan and its arts and culture as a whole in the second half of the 19th century.